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English Grammar - COULD & SHOULD
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ If you're having problems understanding these two words, you should watch this lesson. There is a quick and easy way to know the difference! Take the free quiz to test your understanding at http://www.engvid.com/
English Grammar - The Subjunctive
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "I advise that he study more" or "I advise that he studies more"? Learn this advanced grammar point, and improve your speaking and understanding of this formal structure in English, the subjunctive. Personally, I suggest that you click on this video—then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-subjunctive/ !
TOEFL iBT: Independent Speaking Task – 5 Ways to Succeed
 
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What is the structure of the TOEFL independent speaking task? What types of questions are on it? For how long must you speak? I answer these questions and give five tips on how to prepare yourself for the TOEFL iBT independent speaking task. Watch the video to prepare yourself and get a high score. http://www.goodlucktoefl.com/ http://www.engvid.com/toefl-ibt-independent-speaking-task/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on the TOEFL IBT: Independent Speaking Task Structure and Tips. So, this will be a two-part video. In the first section, I will describe the structure of the independent speaking task on the TOEFL IBT; and in the second part of the video, I will give you some tips on how to do well on this. So, if you know the structure, you might want to fast-forward maybe two or three minutes. Okay? If you don't know the structure, here we go. So, on the TOEFL independent speaking task, there are two tasks that you must complete and there are two different types of questions. So, the first type of question on the TOEFL independent speaking task might be a personal choice question. So, in this section, you'll be asked a question about important people, places, events, or activities that you enjoy. It will always be something related to your personal experience or just general knowledge of life. So, you know, they might say: "Tell me about a person who has meant a lot in your life. If you could learn one instrument, what would you learn and why?" Something related to your personal experience. And the section type of task, section type of question is a paired choice question. So, in this situation, you have to choose between "A" or "B", either or. So, for example, the questions might ask you to compare, you know: "Do you prefer life in a hot country, or do you prefer life in a country that has seasons? Do you prefer renting or owning a house or an apartment? Would you prefer private or group classes?" And then you basically have to give a response. "Well, I think that private classes are better than group classes because you get more personalized attention and because..." you know, whatever your reasons are. So, in this task, you actually have 15 seconds of preparation time before you have to speak, and then you are given 45 seconds to speak. So, again, during the IBT... This is for the IBT, so the IBT, you have headphones on. You will hear the question and you will read the question on the computer screen. And once the question has, you know, finished being read, then you have 15 seconds to prepare a response. And I completely recommend a notebook. And then 45 seconds to answer the question. Now, in addition to bringing a notebook, let's look at some other tips that can help you to do well on the TOEFL independent speaking task. All right, so let's look at some tips on how to do well on the independent speaking task. Number one, this goes for the test as a whole, be honest with yourself. Don't take the test unless you're ready. Now, what I mean by this is if you're a beginner student, don't even consider the TOEFL test. If you're an intermediate student, a high intermediate, then it's more possible for you to do well on the TOEFL. Remember, the TOEFL is meant to prepare people for an academic setting, so a university. So, if you are not a high intermediate or advanced student, you will find the TOEFL to be very, very difficult. And honestly, you would probably be wasting your money in taking the test or a preparation course if you're not an advanced or high intermediate student. So, be honest with yourself. It's hard advice, but it's completely true. Number two: have a notebook to write your ideas for the independent speaking task. You are allowed to bring a notebook, and a pencil or a pen, and this will help you to write ideas, you know, after you read the question and listen to the question. Number three: have at least two reasons or two examples to support your opinion. So, you know, if you're having one of the independent opinion choices or the second paired choice questions, make sure you have at least two reasons to support your position. So, if you are doing a paired choice question and the question is about, you know, do you prefer living in a dormitory or living at home when attending university, make sure you have two reasons for why you prefer, for example, living in a dormitory. In a dormitory, you can make friends and you can also make it to classes on time because it's very close to the campus, for example. So, at least two.
5 Important Phrasal Verbs for English Learners
 
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http://www.engvid.com Learn the meanings of 'look forward to', 'put off', 'put up with', and more in this phrasal verbs lesson. Take a quiz on this lesson to test your understanding of the phrasal verbs: http://www.engvid.com/5-important-phrasal-verbs-for-english-learners/#quiz
English Grammar - ALREADY & YET
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ The lesson will help you understand when to use "already," and when to use "yet."
Possessive Gerunds
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "I don't like Mary's cooking" or "I don't like Mary cooking"? Find out about a very common mistake that even native speakers make with possessives! Test your understanding of this lesson with a quiz: http://www.engvid.com/possessive-gerunds/
10 common verbs followed by gerunds
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you want to improve your grammatical accuracy and vocabulary? In this lesson, I look at some of the most common verbs that are followed by gerunds. Never say "I enjoy to do" ever again! http://www.engvid.com/10-common-verbs-followed-by-gerunds/ After the video, check out our resource page for a detailed list of verbs that are followed by gerunds and infinitives: http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/verbs-followed-by-gerunds-and-infinitives/
Pronunciation - TH - through, weather, lethal, breath, breathe
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Did you know there are two ways to pronounce the "TH" sound in English? Find out the difference in sound between words like "three" and "the" or "breath" and "breathe" in this very important pronunciation lesson. Then try it yourself with the quiz! http://www.engvid.com/pronunciation-th/
When to use 'good' and 'well' - English Vocabulary
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ How are you? Good? Or is it 'well'? Did the team play "good" or did they play "well"? Which one is an adjective and which one is an adverb? Can you use them in the same situations? Check out this simple lesson to learn the difference between two of the most common English words. This lesson will improve your grammatical and conversational abilities. Make sure to take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/good-well/
English Grammar: Should you use DO or BE?
 
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Should you say "Where do you from?" or "Where are you from?" Is the correct question "What do you do?" or "What are you do?" Are both forms correct, or is one of them completely wrong? In this lesson, I will erase your doubts about this common problem English learners have when they start forming questions. Are you ready? Do you want to improve your English grammar? Are you going to watch the lesson? http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-do-or-be/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this beginner lesson on questions with "do" and "be". This is a very common problem, a very common question that students, who are learning English for the first time, ask. "When do I use 'be' and when do I use 'do'? Especially when I'm asking questions." So, first, what I'm going to do is actually just to go through these with you, and see what your natural instinct tells you, and afterwards, I'm going to explain the rules which are behind me, and we'll explain why, you know, these answers are the answers that we gave. For example, number one: "Where _______ you from?" Do we say: "Where are you from?" or "Where do you from?" - "Where are you from". That's one of the most common questions, so you probably knew that one. "What _______ you do?" "What are you do?", "What do you do?" - "What do you do". Not: "What are you do". "_______ you want to go?" "Do you want to go?", "Are you want to go?" Okay? "Do you". "How old _______ he?" "How old does he?", "How old is he?" - "How old is he". Okay? "_______ she a student?" "Does she a student?", "Is she a student?" - "Is she a student". Okay? "_______ you happy?" "Do you happy?" or "Are you happy?" - "Are you happy". "Where _______ you going?" "Where do you going?" or "Where are you going?" - "Where are you going". And finally: "_______ he here?" "Is he here?" or "Does he here?" - "Is he here". "Is he here?" Okay, so do you notice anything common about some of these questions when we use "do" and when we use "be"? The ones with "be" are a little more complicated, so let's look at the two examples we have with "do", and you can tell me what is the same; what is common to these two questions. "What do you do?", "Do you want to go?" Number one: one is an open question; one is a yes or no question. But they still have something in common. Specifically, they both use a verb: "do" and "want". So, here, you see: "What do you do?" Base verb. "Do" is a base verb. "Do you want to go?", "want" is a base verb. So, this is the basic, basic rule when you're using questions with "do" or "did" if you're speaking in the past. If you want to ask a question that uses an action, a base action, always use "do" or "did", if you're speaking in the past. "Where did you go?", "What do you do?", "Who did you see?", "What do you want?" These types of questions where you have an action, a base verb, always use "do" or "did". Now, "be" can be used in many more situations than "do". It's much more versatile in that way. So, let's look at the rules. Like I said, for "do", you can ask the question word, "do" or "did" plus the subject, plus the base verb. And we can say "do" is only for actions. Only use it with actions, only with base verbs. Now, "be", you have your question, you have the verb "to be", which can be "am", "is", "are", "was", "were", "will be" even. You have your subject: "I", "you", "he", "she", "it", "we", "they", and then you have a number of different parts of speech and functions that you can use. So, you can ask a question about age with the verb "to be": How old are you? "I am", whatever your age is. You can use actions with the questions with the verb "be", but they can only be continuous actions. So: "Where are you going?" Right? "What are you doing?" So you can add verb+ing, present continuous. You can ask questions with adjectives: "Are you happy?" You can ask questions with nouns or jobs, for example: "Is he a student?", "Are you a teacher?" I am... You don't say "I do", but you would say: "I am an engineer", for example. And finally, you can use "be" with prepositions and adverbs. And when I say adverbs and prepositions, sometimes they relate to locations, adverbs specifically. So: "Is he here?" And again, "here" is an adverb, and it refers to a space, a location. So you don't say: "Do you here?" or "Does he here?" but: "Is he here?", "Are you here?" And same with prepositions. So, in the first question: "Where are you from?", "from" is, again, a preposition, so you would use the verb "to be" in this situation. So let's look at these. We have "from", which is a preposition. "How old is he?" Here, we're asking about age. "Is she a student?", "student" is a noun. "Are you happy?", "happy" is an adjective. "Where are you going?" This is verb+ing, "going". And: "Is he here?", "here" is an adverb.
English Grammar - 6 Ways to Use Gerunds
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Gerunds are tough -- really tough. They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. In this advanced grammar lesson, I cover the six ways you can use a gerund, including as a subject, object, complement, object of a preposition, and as the object of a possessive. Don't forget to take the quiz when you're done! http://www.engvid.com/6-ways-to-use-gerunds/
Basic English Grammar - "Is" or "It's"?
 
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http://www.engvid.com "Is nice today," or "It's nice today"? Learn when to use "is" and "it's" in this basic but important English grammar lesson. If you are a Spanish speaker, this is especially important! And don't forget to take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/is-or-its/
Advanced English Grammar - Adjective Clauses + Quantifiers
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ EngVid users, some of whom are advanced speakers, will find this lesson useful for improving their formal English. If you're comfortable with adjective clauses, check out this lesson to expand your knowledge. Then take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/adjective-clauses-quantifiers/
Speaking English - 4 Ways to Order at a Restaurant
 
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http://www.engvid.com How do you order food at a restaurant in English? Here are four common phrases that will build your confidence and give you the skills necessary to survive in an English speaking environment. If you're living in an English area, or if you're traveling, you must watch this lesson. Test your understanding with the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/4-ways-to-order-at-a-restaurant
English Grammar - 5 Ways to Use Infinitives
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ A grammar lesson for advanced students of English. There are many ways to use infinitives in English. Did you know that an infinitive can be used as a subject, object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb? It's true. In this grammar lesson, I look at these five common ways to use infinitives. Once you're done with this lesson, don't forget to check out my lessons on common verbs followed by infinitives, and active and passive infinitives. http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-5-ways-to-use-infinitives/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on five ways to use infinitives. To refresh our memory, an infinitive in English is "to" plus the base verb. So for example, "to run", "to play", " "to hide", "to eat", "to go" -- these are all examples of infinitives. Now, despite the fact that infinitives refer to actions, they often perform the same function as nouns. So let's look at the five ways that we can use infinitives in English. So here, we have -- infinitives can be subjects. They can be the subject of a sentence. This is a very formal structure, but it is possible. For example, "To do the right thing is not easy." "To learn a new language is helpful." So here, we have "to do", "to learn", okay? And again, these are infinitives. And this is a very formal structure. So in speaking, we don't often use infinitives as subjects, but I want you to know that it is possible. However, in speech, when we use infinitives in this kind of context, we usually put them in the middle of an "it" phrase. So for example, instead of saying, "To do the right thing is not easy", we say, "It's not easy to do the right thing." Or instead of, "To learn a new language is helpful", in common speech, we say, "It's helpful to learn a new language." Okay? So again, this is formal; this is much more common. Okay? Second of all, infinitives can be objects. So for example, "I want to help you." Here, we have "I", "the subject, "want", the verb, "to help" -- and "to help", here, would be an object. Okay? So, "I want to help." "They love to travel." And in both of these sentences, the infinitive is actually the object of the sentence. Here, No. 3, infinitives can be subject complements. Now, a "complement" is basically something that gives you more information about the thing you're talking about. In this situation, we want more information about the subjects of these sentences. So for example, "Her job -- okay." "Tell me more about her job." "Her job is to assist you." So if this is a receptionist, for example, her job is to assist you. You're giving more information about her job. "My dream -- my dream is -- what is your dream? Give me more information about your dream." "My dream is to open a business." Okay? So here, we have infinitives used as subject complements. Now, these last two -- infinitives can be adjectives and adverbs -- you might be surprised because when you think of adjectives, you probably think of colors or words like "happy" or "sad" or "cold" or "hot". However, if you're not comfortable with thinking of them as adjectives, maybe think of them as object complements. And that's another way to look at it if mentally it doesn't make sense for an infinitive to be an adjective. However, let's look at an example. "I told you" -- so here, we have subject, verb, object. "I told you to wait." So what did I tell you? I told you to wait. So you're describing what you told this person. "He wants me to leave." What does he want me to do? He wants me to leave. So I'm describing what he wants. Again, adjectives are description words, right? Describing what he wants. I'm describing what I told you. Okay? And finally, adverbs -- so again, adverbs give more information about a verb. In thinks situation, "We must study" -- we have the verb "study". "Why must we study?" "To learn." So here, you have verb plus infinitive. And here, "I want to learn to sing." So here, "I want to learn" -- "to learn" is an object. And we want to give more information about the object and why we do it. So here, we have "to sing". Now, again, grammatically, if you don't understand "adjective", "adverb", "subject complement", it's not -- I don't want to say it's not important, but in everyday speech, it's not that important to be able to say, "This is an adjective"; "this is an adverb"; "this is a complement." The most important thing is do you understand these sentences when you see them? Do you understand the meaning of, "We must study to learn"? "I want to learn to sing"? As long as you understand what the sentences mean, the grammatical language is not as important, as long as you know how to use it in different parts of the sentence. Okay?
5 ways to use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS verb tense in English
 
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If you think the present continuous is only used to talk about actions that are happening in the present, think again. In this grammar lesson, I look at five different ways the present continuous (also called present progressive) can be used, including a pre-arranged future plan, an event that is happening during a particular period, repeated behaviors, and temporary situations. This is a great way to refresh what you already know about the present continuous and to expand on it. After watching, I am hoping you will check your understanding by completing the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/5-ways-to-use-the-present-continuous-verb-tense-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on five ways to use the present continuous, or present progressive, depending on which grammar book you read. So, today, we are going to look at five different ways that we use this very, very common grammar tense. Now, if you're watching this video, you might say: "Okay, I know the present continuous. I use it to talk about an action that is happening right now." Or maybe you're a little more advanced, and you say: "Okay, you can use it for an action happening now, and I know I can use it for future actions, too." This is correct. These are two ways that we're going to talk about today, but there will also be three more ways. So just to begin, as a reminder, this is the structure of the present continuous. You have a subject, the verb "to be", and a verb+ing. For example: I (subject) am (verb "to be") studying (verb+ing). "I am studying" is a present continuous sentence. Now, let's look at the five ways that we can use this tense. Number one, the most basic one: An action that is happening at this moment. -"What are you doing?" -"I'm watching YouTube videos." Okay? "I am studying.", "I am reading.", "I am listening to music." Now, in this moment. And, again, the most common question in this situation is: -"Hey. What are you doing?" -"I am doing this." Number two: An action that is happening during this period of time. Now, this means the period of time in your life right now, maybe the past week, two weeks, a few months. For example: "Hey. Are you still practicing piano?" You're not practicing piano at this moment, but practicing piano is something you do or have been doing in your life for a while. So, for example, you can say, you know: "Hey. What are you doing? Where do you go to school?" blah, blah, blah, and a person can say: "Oh, I'm studying at the University of", wherever. Okay? So if a person asks you: -"Where do you study?" -"I am studying at this university" or "this school". You are not studying there right now in the moment, but in your life this is happening right now. Number three: An action that is prearranged in the future. So this means you are almost 100% certain that this action or this event will happen, is going to happen. So, for example: -"What are you doing tomorrow?" -"Tomorrow? We're going to New York tomorrow. We are going 100%." Other examples: "My mom is visiting me this weekend.", "I'm seeing a movie tomorrow.", "I'm watching a play with my cousin." Okay? So anything where it's scheduled, it's prearranged, it's preplanned, you're almost 100% sure it's going to happen in the future. You can also use the present continuous in this way. One thing about number three is depending on, you know, who your grammar teacher is, you might hear sometimes: "You only use the present continuous if it's an action that is happening in the near future." This is incorrect. Okay? You can use the present continuous to talk about actions that are definitely in the near future, like: "We're going to New York tomorrow", but you can also talk about something that's going to happen in the distant future, too, using the present continuous, like, for example: "We are going to Cuba in November." Okay? "We are travelling to Australia next year." So here are examples of present continuous for prearranged things in the future, but they can be far away. Not just near future; far future, too. Number four: A temporary event or state/situation. So a person can be acting a certain way in the moment, and maybe they don't normally act this way; it's a temporary way of acting. For example: "Why are you being so selfish?" You are acting a certain way, you are being selfish in the moment and it's temporary, and maybe normally you are not selfish. Another example is... For example, if you are in a band, and you say: "Oh, normally Jack plays guitar, but today he's playing the bass." Now, again, normally he plays the guitar. Today, temporarily, he is playing the bass.
Grammar: Active and Passive Gerunds
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Did you know that you can use gerunds in active AND passive forms? Did you know you can actually use gerunds in past forms as well as present and future? This grammar lesson is for advanced students, so if you're having a hard time understanding the constructions, get yourself prepared by checking out my lesson on the uses of gerunds (http://www.engvid.com/6-ways-to-use-gerunds/), and my lesson on common verbs followed by gerunds (http://www.engvid.com/10-verbs-followed-by-infinitives/). Once you feel confident, come back here and challenge yourself even more! http://www.engvid.com/grammar-active-passive-gerunds/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on active and passive gerunds. Those of you who don't know, a gerund is a verb + "ing". And if you'd like to check out the various uses of gerunds and where a gerund can go in a sentence, you can check out my previous lesson on the various uses of gerunds. That lesson is very essential to understanding this one, so please check it out if you haven't already. In this lesson, we're going to look at how to use a gerund in a passive form and in an active form. Now, very simply, let's begin with the easiest which is the active simple which is basically the simple gerund use, just verb "ing". Now, in this situation, this means you can put the gerund as a subject, as an object, as a subject complement, you can also put it as the object of a preposition, possessive. All that stuff is explained in the other lesson. So, for example, let's look at these sentences: "I like swimming." "Swimming" is the gerund, it's the object of the sentence. In the present, I enjoy swimming; I like swimming. "Smoking is bad for you." As we know and have discussed, a gerund can be the subject of a sentence, and here, "smoking" is the subject. "I regret not calling you." "Not calling", "calling" being the gerund in this situation. So this is your basic gerund use that most students at the advanced level are familiar with at some level or another. Okay, now let's look at the active past. Okay? Not the active simple, but the active past. If you specifically want to put a gerund into the past, you can do it by using: "having" + a past participle. In this structure, "having" is actually considered the gerund. So, let's look at this. "I'm proud of having completed university." Now, we call this active past because you are the one who completed university, you are the one who did the action. Right? And you are proud of... And again, we use a gerund here because of "of" which is a preposition. And I'm proud of having completed university, I'm proud now because I completed university in the past. Okay? And let's look at another example: "Having gone to college is one of the best things I've ever done." So here, "having gone" is considered the active gerund. Again, "having" is the gerund in this construction. Okay? So having gone to college is one of the best things I've ever done. So any time you have: "having done", "having done", "having done" something in the past, you're actually using a gerund. And in this situation, a passive - sorry - an active past gerund. Now, let's look over on this side and let's look at how we use passive gerunds. So this might be new for a lot of students here. Passive simple, basically all you're doing is you have "being" + p.p. Remember: "passive" means the person is receiving the action. Okay? So being done... Something is being done to the person. So, for example: "She hates being told what to do." "Being" is the gerund in this construction. She is receiving the action of someone telling her what to do. She hates being told what to do. And, again, if you're wondering, you know: "Why are you using 'being'? Why not 'to be'? Why are we using 'ing' and not 'to' plus the base verb in some of these?" Basically, it follows the constructions that I describe in the previous video about the uses of gerunds. So, again, another reminder to check that out before this. Okay, another example: "I'm tired of being insulted!" And, again, you have "of" which is a preposition, and after a preposition, you have to use a gerund. So I'm tired of being insulted by other people, or by him, by her, by someone. Okay? And, finally: "Being robbed is an awful experience." And here, we're using a gerund as a subject which is possible. Being robbed by someone - passive construction, you receive the action - is an awful experience. So here, you're speaking in general; here, you're speaking about the present; here, again, she hates being told what to do in general, in the present. Now, let's look at how we can refer to the past with this construction. So for the past...This is actually the least common form of all of these that we're... That are up here just because it's such a long construction that there are not many opportunities you get to actually use it.
3 ways to use HAVE GOT in English
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learning English? You have got to watch this! In this lesson, I teach two very common words and a few different ways to use them. You will learn how to use "have got" to show obligation OR possession. More importantly, I teach you which tenses each form is possible with, and how to form the negative constructions. You'll also learn some very common mistakes ESL students make using "have got". And on top of all that, I teach you a little bit of slang. You gotta check this out! http://www.engvid.com/3-ways-to-use-have-got/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "have got". So, in English, any time you have the verb: "get" in a lesson, you know you're in for a bit of a ride because there are so many different ways to use "get" in English. Today, we're looking at "get" when combined with the verb "have". So let's look at a number of ways we can use "have got" in English. First of all, just so you know, "have got" can be used as an emphatic form of "have to" which we already use for obligation. So, the full expression is actually: "Have got to" which is the same meaning as: "Have to", but it sounds a little more emphatic; it gives you a little more emphasis, a little more punch. So you could say: "I have to see that movie. Like, oh my goodness, I have to." It's almost an obligation. If you want to make it sound stronger, you can say: "I have got to... I've got to see that movie." And you can see here the construction is: "Have got to" and you always follow it with a base verb. Okay? So it's not: "I have got to seeing". "I've got to see", "I've got to make", "I've got to do", "I've got to play". Okay? So, instead of just saying: "Have to" for obligation, you can also use: "Have got to" which just makes it stronger. Now, the thing about "have got to" is that there are no past or future forms for this. You cannot say: "I had got to see that movie." You cannot say: "I will have got to see that movie." You can only say, in the present: "I have got to". If you want to speak about obligation in the past, you can simply use: "Had to". Okay? So you can say: "I had to call my mom.", "I had to leave early." Not: "I had got to leave early" which doesn't make sense grammatically. Same with "will" or "going to" for the future, you can say: "You will have to do something." Not: "You will have got to." It sounds way too full in a native speaker's mouth. Sorry for that sentence; I don't know why I said that. Now, there's also really no negative form of: "Have got to". You can't say: "I don't have got to call my mother today." You can say: "I don't have to". However, in slang, in speaking, we do say: "Don't gotta". So: "You don't gotta do that!" Which basically means: "You don't have to." So, again, the correct form is, you know: "You don't" - don't? - "You don't have to do that." If you want to sound a little bit more I guess cool or hip, you can say: "I don't gotta", "She doesn't gotta", "We don't gotta", which just means: "We don't have to", "I don't have to", "She doesn't have to". Okay? It's not an obligation. Number two. "Have got" is also another form of the possessive: "have". So you could say, you know: "She has a big family.", "She has a big family." However, you can also say: "She has got a big family." Which has the exact same meaning. Okay? So you can say, you know: "I have a computer." Or: "I have got a computer.", "I've got a smartphone.", "I've got a nice camera.", "I've got", whatever it is you possess. Okay? Now, finally, "have got", or: "had got", or: "will have got". Well, first of all, those are the American forms because "got" is, you know, not really correctly formed in the American English. They use the term: "got". The past participle is actually: "gotten". Getting back to this though. You can use: "Have gotten" or "have got", "had gotten" or "had got", "will have got", "will have gotten" in the present, past, and future perfect grammar forms.
Farther or Further?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ What's the difference between farther and further? Learn about one of the most common grammatical misunderstandings in this quick and easy lesson. Then go a step further and take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/farther-further/
Less or Fewer?
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ There are less native speakers who know this rule than you think. Don't believe me? If you thought "less" was okay to use in the first sentence, you're wrong! Find out why by watching the lesson, then test your understanding of the rule by taking the quiz. http://www.engvid.com/less-or-fewer/
Don't make these mistakes in English!
 
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Can you find the mistakes? "I am student", "I am agree", "Yesterday, I'm go downtown", "He no have money", "I want to meet the downtown". If you don't know, this is the lesson for you! These are mistakes made by students of all levels, so watch this video and learn to avoid these common errors. Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/dont-make-these-mistakes/ And don't forget to check out our other video on 5 common English learner mistakes: http://www.engvid.com/5-common-mistakes/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on five more common English learner mistakes. So if you have watched my other video on five common English learner mistakes, this is a follow up to give you five more. So let's not waste time and get right to it. Here we go with No. 1. So this first mistake is common because in many languages, when you discuss jobs or your station in life, you don't use articles even if you come from a country where there are articles in the language. So for example, "I am student." "He is engineer." If I ask you, "What do you do", you need to use an article because "student" is countable; it's singular; and "engineer' is countable and it's singular. So you have to say, "I am a student." "He is an engineer." Now, let's move on to No. 2. Okay. Here, we have two sentences on the board. We have, "I am agree." "Are you agree?" So in this situation, "agree" is a verb. We don't say, "I am agree." You can just say, "I agree." If it's negative, "I don't agree" or, "I disagree." And the question is not, "Are you agree?" It's, "Do you agree?" Now, if you are set on wanting to say "I am" and use "agree" in some way, you would have to say, "I am in agreement." This is very formal, but it is possible. Otherwise, you say, "I agree" or, "I disagree" and, "Do you agree?" Now, let's move on to No. 3. This next mistake is about the use of the past tense. For new English speakers, because they can't form the past tense, sometimes they use the verb "to be" with the verb. So I have heard, "I'm go downtown yesterday." Or, "He was see his cousin." If you are speaking in the past, make sure you simply use the past simple verb. In this situation, we don't say "I'm go". The past of "go" is "went". "I went downtown." We don't say "he was see". The past of "see" is "saw". So this is about using the past simple form of the verb to speak about the past. Never say "I'm go", "I'm do", "I'm make". "I saw"; "I made"; "I did"; "I played". Okay? Now, let's move on to No. 4. Now, this mistake is about using negatives. In many languages, whether they're European or Latin, Spanish, I hear this frequently. So you might hear, "He no have money" or, "They no like chocolate." So if you are making a sentence in the sent simple, and you want to make it negative, you have to use "doesn't" and "don't". So not "he no have" but, "He doesn't have." Okay? Not "they no like chocolate" but, "They don't like chocolate." So make sure you learn how to make negative sentences. "He doesn't"; "I don't"; "we don't"; "they don't"; not "he no", "she no", "I no". All right? Now, let's move on to No. 5. Finally, here we have a word choice error. And this is because maybe speakers translate from their own language, and many languages, you can use the verbs "meet" or "know" to talk about going to places and getting to know cities and towns, for example. So, "I want to meet the city" or, "Yesterday, I knew downtown." Now, in English, we don't really use the verbs "know" and "meet" to talk about getting to know a place. You can use the verbs "explore" or "get to know" or "visit". So you can say, you know, "I want to explore the city." I want to go around the city." "Yesterday, I knew downtown" -- "Yesterday, I traveled around downtown." And you can also use terms like "get to know" a place. You can visit a place. You can explore a place. Okay? But you can't meet a park. You can meet a person, but you can't meet a place. Now, let's review all five of these mistakes one more time. All right. So to review, No. 1, "I am a student." If you want to talk about your status in life. Are you a student? An engineer? Are you a teacher? Etc. you need to use an article to talk about jobs, professions, talk about your station in life. No. 2, "I agree, not "I am agree"." Do you agree?" Not "are you agree?" No. 3, "I went downtown." "I saw my cousin." So remember, memorize those past tense verbs. Not "I was go" or "I am go". "I went"; "I saw"; "I did". All right?
English Grammar - "Would" in the past
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ If you're used to "used to" to talk about past habits, then you are ready to add a new grammatical structure to your English language skills. "Would" has more uses than you think! Also, learn about the differences between "would" and "used to" in the past in this lesson. Take a free quiz on this topic at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-would-in-the-past/
Grammar: 6 ways to use WILL
 
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Is "will" only used to talk about the future? Yes. But there are many different contexts and uses of "will" that you might not be familiar with. Do you know what the difference is between "will" and "be going to"? These two are often confused, but you can learn how to use them correctly by watching this lesson. I will teach you six different ways you can use "will": future intentions, promises, predictions, confirmations of place and time, order of events, and goodbyes. Take this essential lesson, and never be confused between "will" and "be going to" again. http://www.engvid.com/grammar-6-ways-to-use-will/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on the many uses of "will". "Will" is one of the most difficult English grammar words to master because there is a lot of confusion about whether or not it can be used to talk about future plans. Now, number 1, if you are going to talk about a plan that you have for the future, "be going to" or the present continuous are much more common in English. So you won't say -- if someone asks you," "What are you doing this weekend?" -- you don't say, "I will visit my grandma" or, "I'm visit is my grandma." "I'm going to see a movie"; not, "I will see a movie." So now that we have that out of the way. Let's look at the other ways -- and there are many -- that we can use "will". Number one, you can state your intention with "will". Now, this isn't a plan; it's an intention. So for example, if someone asks you, "What are you doing this weekend?", you usually modify "will" with "I will probably", "I will maybe", "I will likely", "I will definitely be at the show." So this is similar to making a promise, which you can also use with "will", and we'll talk about later. And you can say, "Yeah, I will be at the show" or, "I will probably be at the show this weekend." Okay? Now, you can use it to confirm plans and to confirm orders of events. So if you and your friends made plans and you want to get the plans straight in your mind, you can say, "Okay, wait. Wait. So first, I will call you. And then, we will meet at the theater." So if you have a future order of events and you want to get it clear, you can say, "Okay. Number one, you will do this. Number two, I will do this. Number three, we'll do this. Yeah? Okay." So this means -- again, you're confirming plans. You're confirming the orders of events. You're not actually saying "I'm doing this". You're saying, "This is what will happen. I just want to have it clear in my mind." Number three, decisions made in the moment. So if you're at a restaurant, at a store -- if you're buying shoes, and you make a decision in the moment, you use "will". So for example, you're making a decision. "Do I want the red shoes or the blue shoes? I'll take the blue ones." Okay? So, "I will take the blue ones." You can also say, you know -- if you're ordering at a restaurant, "I will have the chicken and fries", for example. So for decisions in the moment, use "will". Next, predictions. Now, again, predictions, you can use "be going to" as well, if you have evidence. "Be going to" is stronger for predictions. Or you can use "will" where you can give your opinions, your thoughts. For example, you're talking about your friend who's doing a test. Your friend has one hour to do the test. He didn't study. He's very nervous. And you say, "There is no way he will finish on time." So you can say, "He won't finish on time. This is my prediction." Okay? So you can make a prediction using "will". You can also use it, like I mentioned, to make a promise. So, "I will never disappoint you" or, "I will always love you." Think of the Whitney Houston song from the 1990s, The Bodyguard. Depending on what year you're watching this, that is already very dated, and you have no idea what I'm talking about. But that's okay. The Bodyguard -- "I will always love you", Whitney Houston. And number six, you can confirm a future time or place. So you can say, "Okay. I will be there at eight". "Where are you going to be at eight o'clock?" "I will be at home. I will be at the mall. I'll be having dinner" -- in that situation. So if you want to talk about what you will be doing at a future time or future place, you can use "will" in this context. And finally, you can also use "will" for goodbyes. So, "Yeah. I will see you later. We will get together soon." This is similar to making a promise, right? Like, "I will see you later. I promise you." But a specific context of promise because it's goodbyes.
SAY & TELL - Reported Speech
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "He said me...", "He told me...", or both? Find out the answer in this grammar lesson on how to use say and tell in reported speech, and avoid this very common mistake in English. Then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/say-tell-reported-speech/
That & Which
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn when to use "that" and "which," and listen to a review of the two types of relative clauses. Commas are important and can change the entire meaning of a sentence! Make sure to also watch my lesson on relative clauses at http://www.engvid.com/writing-relative-clauses-overview/ and to take the quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/that-which/#quiz
English Grammar - Passive Causative
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn more about the passive voice, and how to use "have" and "get" when talking about actions that were performed for you or to you, in this advanced grammar lesson. To see if you've understood the lesson fully, take the free quiz at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-passive-causative/
10 common verbs followed by infinitives - English Grammar for Beginners
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this essential English grammar lesson for beginners, I'll teach you some of the most common verbs that are followed by infinitives. Never say "I want going/doing/making" again! You also need to take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/10-verbs-followed-by-infinitives/ And check out our resource with a list of verbs commonly followed by infinitives or gerunds: http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/verbs-followed-by-gerunds-and-infinitives/
3 ways to use 'as long as' - English Grammar
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ 'As long as' is a very common English phrase. Find out what it means and three different ways to use it in this essential grammar lesson. In it, you will learn how to talk about duration, conditions, and emphasis with 'as long as'. As long as you're here, why don't you click on this video? It's my 100th video to date! Take the quiz here: http://www.engvid.com/as-long-as/ TRANSCRIPT Hi guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "as long as". Now, this lesson is not about "as long as" in a comparative sense, like, if I say, "My arm is as long as three rulers, maybe?" But it is about three other ways that we can use this very common, everyday expression. So a couple things that we have to learn about "as long as", and we'll do them in a three-step process. No. 1: we're going to look at this sentence, and you will tell me what is the correct way to finish it. So the sentence is, "I will remember you as long as I live/I will live." Which one do you think is correct in this situation? Okay, well, you already have "I will" in the first part of the sentence, so you don't really need it in the second part. The reason for this is that we generally use "as long as" in the present tense, okay? So: "as long as I live". We don't really say "as long as he will live" or "I will be here" or whatever it is. Generally, we just keep it in the present tense. Now, it is possible to use in the past as well. We just don't really use it with "will". What does "as long as" mean? Well, in this situation, it actually means, like, "for the duration of", "for the duration of the period". So "for the duration of my life", "as long as I live", "for the duration of this period", okay? The second sentence says, "You can come as long as you're quiet." So if you have a friend who's very talkative, who's very social and loud, and you don't want to them to come with you to, let's say, the grocery store or in a public place. But you tell them, "as long as you're quiet, you can come." What do you think "as long as" means in this situation? What can you replace it with? When you look at the context, you might think of the word "if", right? So "as long as" can also be used to mean "on the condition that", okay? So, "as long as" here means "on the condition that". "On the condition that you are quiet, you can come." So think of it a little bit like "if", okay? Now, finally, we have "The meeting could be as long as three hours!" Now, after "as long as", we said that we can use it for duration, and this is definitely duration, not condition. But what we are doing is we are emphasizing, right? It's to emphasize a really long time. So if you want to emphasize a really long time, you can also use "as long as". So we can use it for emphasis before a number. And I apologize for my writing. I think you guys can understand that, okay? So we can use "as long as" to talk about duration. We can use it to talk about conditions, and we can also use it to emphasize a number like a really long time. So I have three more sentences at the bottom, and I'd just like you to tell me how we're using "as long as" in these three situations. "I will help as long as you buy pizza!" So if you have a new building, a new apartment, you have just moved in a new house, and you're painting. You need to paint your house. You invite some friends, and one of your friends says, "Okay, I will help as long as you buy pizza -- right? -- for us, for helping." So this is obviously condition, okay? So I'm going to just put -- maybe I'll write it here -- "condition", just "con." This is a condition. I will help as long as you buy pizza, on the condition that you buy pizza. "He can talk for as long as 1 hour!" So if you have, again, a very talkative, chatty person, a talkative friend, and you want to emphasize -- right -- -that, "Oh, my goodness, they can talk forever." So here, this is for emphasis. And finally, "As long as I'm here, I will help." So again, this is for duration -- "for the period of time that I am here", okay? So guys, here are three ways that you can use this very common, everyday, English expression. I'd like to thank you guys for listening to this and listening to me for the past 100 videos. This is actually the one hundredth video that I have done on www.engvid.com. When we started in 2009, I wasn't sure if we would ever get this far, so the fact that I'm doing this in this year still is incredible. So once more, thanks, guys. And as always, if you'd like to test your understanding of this material, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com, and don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. Thanks, guys. Take care.
Grammar - Using "Since" and "For" with the Present Perfect
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Depending on whether you want to talk about how long you have been doing something, or when you started doing something, you will need to use one of these two words. Find out which is which and take the free quiz on the lesson at http://www.engVid.com/
6 Phrasal Verbs with HANG: hang on, hang up, hang out...
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this useful vocabulary lesson, you'll learn six phrasal verbs which use the word "hang". These include "hang on", "hang up", "hang out", "hang around", "hang in", and "hang on someone's every word". These are common expressions used frequently by native English speakers. Watch this video now, and take a step towards more natural English. http://www.engvid.com/6-phrasal-verbs-hang/ TRANSCRIPT Hey, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Expressions with 'HANG'". Today, we will be looking at one, two, three, four, five, six different expressions that all use the word "hang" in some way. I hope some of them will be familiar, and some of them will be new to you guys. So, first up: "Hang on". The sentence says: "Could you hang on a minute?" When we see "a minute", "hang on", clearly, we see this means to wait. Okay? So, "to hang on" means to wait. Generally, we use "hang on" in the imperative form, which means we give a command. So, if you're listening to a person tell a story and you want to say: "Whoa, whoa, whoa. Hang on, hang on. Wait, wait, wait", also kind of like "stop" in this situation... And if your friends are running away, and you're like: "Whoa. Hang on, hang on a minute. Hang on a minute." Okay? So, this means wait. And usually it's given in a command form. Okay? Next up we have: "Hang up". So, the sentences here say: "Did you hang up the phone?", "He hung up on me." So, "to hang up" generally... All the time, actually, we use it to refer to ending a phone call and clicking the end button. Okay? So, "to hang up" is to end a phone call. And the important part here is to know you can use the preposition "on" if someone hangs up on you. So, if I say: "He hung up on me", that means he ended the phone call. Now, usually this is because the other person was angry or upset at you, so: "I can't believe he hung up on me.", "I can't believe she hung up on me." Okay? Next one is: "Hang out". So: "Do you want to hang out this weekend?" If you watch a lot of movies or if you listen to music, anything related to pop culture, you have probably heard this a lot, TV shows as well, and "to hang out" just means to spend time. Okay? So, you hang out with your friends on the weekends. And hanging out means not doing anything in particular, but just spending time with your friends. So, you can hang out at someone's house, you can hang out at a coffee shop. So, just hang out. Spend time together in a casual situation. Okay? The next one is: "To hang around". So: "We're hanging around the mall." So, you're talking on the phone, and your friend calls you and says: "Hey, where are you? We're looking for you." And you say: "Oh, we're just hanging around the mall." So, "hang around" you might think has a very similar meaning to "hang out" because you are spending time, but "hang around" means you're spending time usually in one specific area, and usually it's because you're wasting time and waiting for something else to happen. So, it does mean to spend time in an area. Now, again, as I mentioned, usually you're waiting for something else to happen when you're hanging around. So, you know, if you tell your friends: "Just hang around here for five minutes. Just spend some time, kill the time here. Okay? And I will be back. Just hang around this area." Next is: "To hang in". And this is one that we definitely most often use in a command form as well, imperative form. So: "Hang in (there) just a little longer." You'll notice I put the term... The word "there" in parenthesis, in brackets, and this is because we often use this with "hang in". So, if I say: "Hang in there", this means... Well, it means to don't give up, keep surviving, keep fighting. So, "to hang in" means to continue, or to survive, or to not give up. So, if you're watching a mixed martial arts fight, for example, and one of the fighters in the fight, you know, you don't expect him to win and you say: "Wow, it's round three. He has hung in for three rounds." So, he has hung in there for three rounds, this means that he has survived. He is still going, continuing for th-, th-, the third round. I'm sorry. My tongue is doing th-, th-, th-, things. And, finally, the expression "to hang on someone's every word". So, for example: "I hung on the professor's every word." This means you pay attention to, listen to, you're interested in the person's every word. So, basically, this means to be interested in everything or by everything a person has to say. Now, you can use this when you're listening to a lecture, you can use this if you're listening to a politician, you know, give a speech and you're just interested in everything a person has to say. Okay?
How to use the word AIN'T in English (slang lesson)
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ This ain't a joke. If you want to improve your understanding of English slang, check out this lesson and learn about the importance of context. After the class, take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/slang-in-english-aint/
Sort of & Kind of
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "I'm kind of tired." "I'm sort of tired." What do these sentences mean, and what's the difference between them? If you're kind of confused about these words and how to use them, watch this free lesson. It might be kind of useful to you! Go to http://www.engvid.com/sort-of-kind-of/ to take the quiz.
English Grammar - Either & Neither
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ "I don't want to go!" "I can't do this!" How do you agree with these statements? Learn about the different ways that you can agree with negative sentences in English conversation using EITHER and NEITHER. Take a free quiz on the lesson at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-either-neither/
Talking About Quantity in English - A FEW, A LITTLE, FEW, LITTLE
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this practical speaking and grammar lesson, I teach how to use some very common English expressions that are related to quantity. What is the difference between "a little" and "a few"? Watch this lesson to find out, then take the quiz at http://www.engVid.com/
Adjective & Preposition Combinations (English Grammar)
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Adjectives can be followed by many prepositions in English. In this lesson, learn about some of the most common adjective/preposition combinations! This is something you should be interested in. And take the quiz to see if you're good at remembering the lesson: http://www.engvid.com/adjective-preposition-combinations/
English Speaking - How to Ask Permission - CAN, COULD, MAY, DO YOU MIND
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn how to be a polite English speaker in this lesson. I explain how politeness, formality, and necessity are all important parts of asking permission, when using the following common words and expressions: CAN, COULD, MAY, and DO YOU MIND.
Speaking English - MUST, HAVE TO, HAVE GOT TO - Talking about Necessity
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Not sure what the difference is between "have to," "have got to," and "must"? In this lesson, you will learn how to use each of these very common English phrases effectively and fluently. Take a free quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/must-have-to-have-got-to-necessity/
Writing - When to use commas with AND, BUT, OR, FOR, SO, YET...
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you need to put a comma before and, but, or, for, so, or yet? Learn how to use coordinating conjunctions in English, and when to use commas with them too in this punctuation class. If you're interested in improving your writing, this lesson is a must! Watch the video, then take the quiz at http://www.engvid.com/commas-coordinating-conjunctions/
English Grammar - Prepositions of Place - AT, ON, IN
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this lesson, I look at 3 common prepositions of place. Want to know how to use AT, ON, and IN? Have a look at this video, and improve your grammar, as well as your written and spoken English. To test yourself on this lesson, check out the quiz at http://www.engVid.com/
Improve your writing: Adverb Clauses
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ What is an adverb clause? What is a subordinating conjunction? What are the different types of adverb clauses? Find out the answers to these questions in this English lesson, and improve your grammar and your writing. I have written an overview of adverb clauses that you can read and print out at http://www.engvid.com/english-resource/adverb-clauses/ You can also take a quiz to test yourself on this lesson, at http://www.engvid.com/adverb-clauses/#quiz
English Grammar - This, That, These, Those
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this grammar lesson, learn the difference between four common English words: this, that, these, and those. Perfect for beginners. Test your understanding after watching the lesson, by taking the free quiz at http://www.engvid.com/basic-grammar-this-that-these-those/
English Grammar - The future in the past - "Was/Were going to"
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Do you want to talk about failed plans in the past? This is the lesson for you. Learn how to talk about going back to the future! Test your knowledge with a free quiz on this topic at http://www.engvid.com/english-grammar-the-future-in-the-past/
English Vocabulary - WORTH
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ What is the meaning of the word "worth"? How do you use it in a sentence? What does it mean if something "isn't worth it"? Click on this lesson to find out! And make sure to take the quiz: http://www.engvid.com/english-vocabulary-worth/
Grammar: Using DO and DID to make a strong point in English
 
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"Do" and "did" are some of the most common words in English, but do you know how to use them to add contrast or emphasis? In this lesson we'll look at "do" and "did" in affirmative sentences. You'll learn to use them to make your English sound clearer, more interesting, and more fluent. Usually, you learn that "do" and "did" are only used in questions, negatives, and short answers, but we also use them to make strong points. You'll hear many examples of how this is done in spoken English. So if you do want to improve your English, watch this video and take the quiz at: http://www.engvid.com/grammar-using-do-and-did-to-make-a-strong-point-in-english/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, everyone. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Do and Did in Affirmative Sentences". So, by this point, you're probably familiar with using "do" and "did" in three different contexts. And specifically, I'm talking about "do" and "did" as auxiliary verbs. So you can use "do" and "did" most commonly in questions. So: "Where do you live?", "Do you like cheese?" for example. You can also use "do" and "did" in negatives, so: "I don't want to do that.", "He didn't start the test on time." And you can also use it in short answers, like: "Yes I do.", "No I don't.", "Yes he did.", "No she didn't." Okay? However, the focus of this lesson is on using "do" and "did" in affirmative sentences. And it is possible in two different contexts. So, like the board says, they can also be used in the affirmative to show, number one, contrast. So if you really want to emphasize a contrast between two different things, you can use "do" or "did" in the following way. Check out this example. "He didn't like the movie, but he did like the music." Okay? So if you go to a theatre and you watch a film, you can say: "Hmm, I didn't like this, but I did like this." So you're emphasizing a contrast. You can do this in many contexts. Many things where you have differing opinions or different feelings about something. If you go to a restaurant, you can say: "Mm, I didn't like the food, but I did like the service." So, the service was really good, but the food wasn't good. So: "I didn't like this, but I did like this.", "I don't like this, but I do like this." or: "I do want this or need this." etc. All right, secondly, you can use "do" and "did" to show emphasize or to give clarification to something. So what I mean by this is if you are walking through, you know, a department store and, hmm, you're looking at a refrigerator with your girlfriend, your boyfriend, your husband, or wife and they're trying to convince you to buy this fridge, this new refrigerator. And then you think: "Hmm, we do need a new fridge." So, we need a fridge, a new fridge. You can also say: "You know what? We do need a new fridge." So you are emphasizing your need for that refrigerator. You can also clarify: "Hey, why isn't...?" For example: -"Why isn't Mark here?" -"Well, he did say..." Not just: "He said", "He did say he was going to be late." So, if you're waiting for Mark, and you know what? Yeah, he did say that he was going to be late. So you're clarifying and you're emphasizing what he said. Okay? So, just as a reminder, "do" and "did" are not only for questions, not only for negatives, not only for short answers, but they can also be used to show contrast and to show emphasis. All right? So, now, you do need to do the quiz to make sure that you understood this material. So check out that quiz on www.engvid.com. And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. See you guys.
Speaking English - How to talk about what you want - Expressing Preference
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn the difference between "I prefer," "I would prefer," and "I would rather." In this English lesson on preference, you will learn how to tell people what you would like when faced with more than one option. Test your understanding by taking the quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/preference-how-to-talk-about-what-you-want/
Speaking English - Expressing ability with CAN, COULD, BE ABLE TO
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this English grammar lesson, I look at how to use "can", "could", and "be able to", when talking about ability. I explain which term is appropriate, depending on if you're talking about the past, present, or future.
Speaking English - Expectations - How to use "supposed to"
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this English lesson, I explain how to talk about different kinds of expectations using "be supposed to." If you would like to know how to talk about rules, predictions, hearsay, and plans or arrangements, this is a great place to start. Take the free quiz on this lesson at http://www.engvid.com/speaking-english-expectations-how-to-use-supposed-to/
How to Use Commas in English Writing
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ In this lesson, I look at comma use in the English language. If you are looking to get into university, or simply want to improve your writing, this lesson is a great way to strengthen your punctuation skills. Don't forget to test your understanding of the lesson by taking the quiz at http://www.engVid.com/
Speaking English - Tag Questions - How to express assumptions or comment on a situation
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Tag questions are a normal part of everyday English conversation. In this lesson, I teach you how to recognize tag questions, so that you are not confused when you hear one, and how to improve your English conversation skills by using tag questions effectively.
Speaking English - Talking about pains and aches
 
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http://www.engvid.com/ Learn how to talk about different types of aches in this painless English lesson for beginners.

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